Increasingly, however, we see how things described in science fiction a few decades ago, are becoming a reality. Such as, unmanned combat vehicles, guided missiles and bombs, lasers, high degree of automation and the increasing dependence on electronics and computers. It provoked very last weapon designers to develop technologies that could incapacitate enemy systems as much ad possible at a greater distance. The idea is these attacks to leave buildings, people and technology relatively intact.
Developments in this area date back to the beginning of the Cold War, the main efforts are focused on the use of EMP, mounted in charge of weapons. Efforts, though successful, are insufficiently practical and they can't be applied in a real combat situation. U.S. corporation Boeing though says it has carried out successful tests of the missile, which uses focused microwaves to neutralize specific electronics that are in it's range.
In the Utah desert is located entirely uninhabitable building. However, it is packed with working computers, surveillance cameras and security systems. I mean all kinds of electronics, which is now part of our daily lives. This kind of office is prepared for testing the weapon that the Pentagon ordered almost four years ago. Development is behind the long term Counter-Electronics High Power Microwave Advanced Missile Project (CHAMP). To put it in plain language, it has a rocket strong radiating microwaves to neutralize electronics. The development of new weapons is entrusted to the Bureau of Boeing, named Phantom Works.
Day X for the test of the new technology was last Tuesday. Then CHAMP flies over buildings specially prepared test ground in Utah. When you go over your goals, rocket starts to emit powerful microwaves aimed to incapacitate all the electronics in the camp prepared. All this happens without visible damage. With greater exposure surveillance cameras off.
"This technology poses new era of modern warfare," said Keith Coleman, CHAMP program manager at Phantom Works. He added: "In the near future it could be used to neutralize enemy electronic systems and even before the first troops or air crafts arrive."
A total of seven goals were struck during the tests without any material or other damages. First interrupted the monitors and computers, and then turned off the surveillance cameras. After the successful irradiation of the targeted buildings the rocket destroys itself in the desert. Coleman argues that CHAMP is a big step forward in the development of non-lethal weapons. "Today we have turned science fiction into reality," he said. Boeing expects these missiles microwave weapons to enter as soon as possible.
The use of strong microwave pulses to neutralize electronics is turning against current approach to using EMP for this purpose. About the effects of the electromagnetic pulse is firstly known since the first nuclear tests during World War II. It appears as a secondary effect of the detonation and turns off the electronics hundreds and even thousands of miles from the epicenter.
In 1962, for example, when testing the 1.44-megaton bomb a height of 400 km (experiments for space nuclear explosion) over the Pacific, suffered, at least partially, the power system of Hawaii islands separated by 1445 kilometers from the point of explosion.
Even at that time the military is already interested in the potential of EMP, starting the development of devices to create such pulses without the need of a nuclear explosion. They have a much smaller range (from a few to ten meters) and developments that are known, in the best case, have the size of a small car. While there is no confirmed information, analysts speculate, however that EMP generators can be placed in the warheads of missiles, artillery shells and other small carriers.
The point is that, so far there was no known successful experiment with this type of ammo and has always emerged a technical problem. However, the use of microwaves can be a successful technology that allows for greater precision with the irradiation purposes.